Clinical Anatomy Of Femur -

Clinical AnatomyThe Bones of the Knee and Leg - dummies.

The femur is a long bone and has several anatomical characteristics such as a head which articulates with the pelvic bone, a neck, a small and a large trochanter, and two condyles for articulation with the tibia at the knee joint. For a detailed description of the anatomy of the femur, click here. Click on the image for a larger view. Femur: This long bone runs between the hip and the knee.Tibia: This long bone is the larger of the two leg bones below the knee.Fibula: This long bone, the thinner of the two leg bones, is located lateral to the tibia.Patella: This large sesamoid bone is formed in the tendon of the quadriceps. A femoral hernia is primarily a clinical diagnosis. Groin ultrasound is used when the diagnosis is inconclusive see “Differential diagnosis” below. Femoral hernias can be difficult to palpate in obese patients. Ultrasound is indicated if a femoral hernia is suspected in this patient group! References: [6].

The femoral nerve is the most lateral of the contents in the femoral triangle. It supplies the sartorius, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius and vastus medialis muscles in the anterior compartment of the thigh, and the pectineus muscle in the medial compartment. Feb 10, 2016 · clinical anatomy of proximal femur 1. Clinical Anatomy of Proximal Femur Dr.Intra-capsular Fracture Non-union Osteonecrosis Extra-capsular.6. Lessons from Anatomy. The left and right hip coxal bones, the sacrum, and the coccyx form the pelvic girdle, which is the housing for the pelvic organs. The hip bones also form the socket portion of the hip joint. Each hip bone is made up of three parts — the ilium, the ischium, and the pubis. The femur is the longest and heaviest bone in the human body. The medial meniscus is tightly adhered to the proximal tibia, but the lateral meniscus has an extra attachment that attaches it to the femur, called the menisco-femoral ligament. This allows the lateral meniscus to move with the femur and protects it from being shoved between the.

The femoral nerve supplies the muscles of the anterior thigh: Hip flexors: Pectineus – adducts and flexes the thigh, assists with medial rotation of the thigh. Iliacus – acts with psoas major and psoas minor forming iliopsoas to flex the thigh at the hip joint and stabilise the hip joint. The normal femur has an angle of torsion between 12 and 15 degrees. An increase in this angle is termed anteversion, while a decrease in this angle is termed retroversion. It is important to note that both normal and abnormal angles of inclination and torsion are properties of the femur. The femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve enters the "triangle of pain" region and passes inferior to the inguinal ligament to provide sensory cutaneous innervation to the superior aspect of the thigh. The image shows a posterior view of the inguinal region. The "triangle of pain" is depicted in yellow. Mar 15, 2014 · Piriformis fossa [1–5] is an important anatomical landmark described as the entry point for antegrade intramedullary nailing of fracture shaft femur. In orthopedics literature the piriformis fossa [1–4] is considered as synonymous to the insertion of the piriformis muscle. The ligament of the head of femur LHF, or ligamentum teres, is believed to provide blood supply to the head of femur and mechanical stability to the hip joint. But these functions in the adult.

The bone of the thigh is the femur. The leg is between the knee and ankle joints. The foot is distal to the ankle joint. Bones of the foot are the tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges. Dec 22, 2019 · During macroscopic analysis, the joint capsule was detached from the acetabular margin and the femur, and its local thickness was measured using microcomputed tomography micro‐CT. The gluteus minimus tendon was connected to the joint capsule, and the lateral end of this connection was adjoined with the tubercle of the femur at the superolateral end of the intertrochanteric line.

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