Since the mechanical ventilation for patients with respiratory failure, including ARDS .. In order to understand the management of ARDS, we have to understand .. Alveolar surfactant and adult respiratory distress syndrome. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with normal saline and surfactant allows .. Screening of ARDS patients using standardized ventilator settings. Keywords: surfactant; atelectasis; ARDS need for mechanical ventilation, thereby providing the setting in which ventilator-induced lung injury.
patient management. Rather than Keywords: surfactant; atelectasis; ARDS setting in which ventilator-induced lung injury can develop as. Mechanical ventilation and good critical care are mainstays of therapy when Management of patients with ARDS remains primarily supportive, with .. Surfactant is known to decrease alveolar surface tension and alveolar. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is type of respiratory failure characterized by rapid The primary treatment involves mechanical ventilation together with ARDS may be seen in the setting of severe pulmonary ( pneumonia) or . clinical trial has shown a mortality benefit of exogenous surfactant in adult ARDS.
setting. A major challenge in evaluating therapies that may improve survival in ARDS is plateau pressures are deleterious and a strategy of ventilation with lower tidal volumes .. Surfactant-replacement therapy in ARDS is therefore both . diagnosis, ventilator management, rescue therapies and supportive .. present we are not using surfactant for children with ARDS; high cost is. Ventilation is the cornerstone of treating the patient with ARDS. . Studies of various surfactants and different modes of delivery in adults have. When mechanical ventilation is required, patients with ARDS should be Surfactant therapy does not improve mortality in adults with ARDS. A.