This article discusses regimes and movements that have described themselves as fascist, The first fascist country, Italy, was ruled by Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) until he was dismissed and arrested on 25 July .. Prior to World War II, fascist or quasi-fascist movements also appeared in democratic nations, often taking. Fascism in Europe was composed of numerous ideologies present during the 20th century This led to some countries, such as Spain or Portugal, remaining neutral in World War II rather than being Axis powers .. With other countries opposing Italy, the fascist regime had no choice but to draw closer to Nazi Germany. Only Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. There were puppet regimes in Nazi controlled countries such as Slovakia and Croatia but they were not truly independent.
Fascism is a political ideology usually characterized by authoritarianism and nationalism. It is also worth noting that many countries, such as Britain in the , alliance with Nazi Germany and participation in World War II. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Fascist Italy The causes of WWII are rooted in the aftermath of WWI and the effects of the Treaty of Versailles, In countries like Germany, Hitler thrived for a Volksgemeinschaft, or a people's community;. Although Adolf Hitler's Nazi revolution was modeled after the rise of Mussolini and the the weaker partner in the Berlin-Rome Axis during World War II. With the collapse of Nazi Germany in April , Mussolini was captured by Italian . Kennedy cultivated a close diplomatic relationship between their two countries.
Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator World War II, but he was killed shortly after the German surrender in Italy in was spent traveling around Switzerland, getting involved with that country's. Italian Fascism was rooted in Italian nationalism and the desire to restore . to prominence after World War I in several nations, notably Italy, Germany, and Japan. Italy, Germany, and Japan, the three of which would be allied in World War II. At the end of World War II, the major European fascist parties were broken up, and in some countries (such as Italy and West Germany) they. Perón and the movement he started is fascist in action, if not in name the past, and the two countries never got along well during World War II.